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All about 3D mapping, 3D modelling & 3D scanning

3D mapping for architects, construction, and engineering involves creating digital representations of physical spaces and structures to aid in design, planning, analysis, and communication throughout the project lifecycle.

The following example was created by 360 Virtual View (based in Sheffield, UK) and included full internal and external scanning & mapping:

The example above generated the following files

  • .E57 file
  • TruPlan (.SKX file) for Xactimate
  • BIM file (LOD 200 building information model in .RVT and .DWG format)
  • .IFC (platform neutral) & .RCS (ReCap point cloud) files
  • GeoTIFF map
  • JPG map
  • External and internal point cloud
  • Elevation
  • Digital Terrain Model (DTM)
  • 3D model
  • Ceiling colour plan
  • Colour plan
  • .OBJ & .MTL files
  • .YYZ Cloud file
  • Edge annotations (External)
  • Film (4kHD) and photographic roof survey
  • Full HDR virtual tour – accessible via desktop, mobile and VR (Oculus VR)
  • Interactive internal 3D model
  • HDR images & internal 3D views
  • Schematic floor plan

3D mapping, 3D modelling and 3D scanning for architecture, construction, and engineering

3D mapping, also known as 3D modelling or 3D scanning, plays a significant role in the fields of architecture, construction, and engineering. It involves creating three-dimensional representations of physical objects or spaces using various technologies and techniques. Here’s how 3D mapping is used in these industries:

  1. Architectural Design:
    • Conceptual Design: Architects use 3D mapping to create digital models of their design concepts. This allows them to visualize and communicate their ideas effectively to clients and stakeholders.
    • Site Analysis: 3D mapping can be used to create accurate topographical maps and terrain models of a construction site. This information helps architects plan for issues such as grading and drainage.
    • Interior Design: Interior architects use 3D mapping to create virtual representations of indoor spaces, helping clients and designers make informed decisions about layouts, furniture placement, and aesthetics.
    • Lighting Simulation: 3D mapping can simulate how natural and artificial light will interact with a building’s design, aiding in the design of energy-efficient and aesthetically pleasing spaces.
  2. Construction:
    • Site Preparation: Before construction begins, 3D mapping can help contractors assess the site’s existing conditions and plan for excavation, earthmoving, and foundation work.
    • Construction Planning: Contractors use 3D models to plan the sequencing of construction activities, optimize resource allocation, and identify potential clashes or conflicts in design elements.
    • Quality Control: 3D mapping allows for precise measurements and comparisons between the as-built conditions and the original design, helping ensure quality control during construction.
    • Safety: 3D mapping can be used to plan and visualize safety protocols, evacuation routes, and crane operations to enhance on-site safety.
  3. Engineering:
    • Civil Engineering: 3D mapping is crucial in civil engineering for tasks like surveying, creating digital terrain models, and designing infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, and dams.
    • Structural Engineering: Engineers use 3D models to analyze and simulate the behavior of structures under different loads, helping ensure structural integrity and safety.
    • Mechanical Engineering: In industries like manufacturing, 3D mapping is used to create digital twins of mechanical systems, aiding in design, testing, and maintenance.
    • Environmental Engineering: 3D mapping can be used to model environmental conditions and simulate the impact of engineering projects on the environment.
  4. Project Visualization and Communication:
    • 3D mapping enhances communication among architects, engineers, contractors, and clients by providing a clear and immersive visual representation of the project.
    • Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies allow stakeholders to experience the project in a more immersive and interactive way.

3D mapping is a powerful tool that improves design accuracy, streamlines construction processes, enhances safety, and facilitates collaboration in the fields of architecture, construction, and engineering. It has become increasingly essential as technology continues to advance in these industries.

Contact 360 Virtual View for more information on 3D mapping, 3D modelling and 3D scanning for architecture, construction, and engineering


Call: 0114 236 0711